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PROFILE OF MORTALITY BY CHOKING IN THE LEGAL MEDICAL INSTITUTE OF LIMA IN MACEIÓ - ALAGOAS - Perspectivas
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Silva MB, Gomes MVAG, Duarte ML. Perfil da mortalidade por asfixia no Instituto Médico Legal Estácio de Lima em Maceió – Alagoas. Persp Med Legal Perícia Med. 2018; 6.

PROFILE OF MORTALITY BY CHOKING IN THE LEGAL MEDICAL INSTITUTE OF LIMA IN MACEIÓ – ALAGOAS

Projeto de pesquisa aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Fund. Universitária de Ciências da Saúde / Escola de Ciências Médicas de Alagoas, sob o parecer/registro/cadastro número 1.482.297, registrado no SISNEP sob o número 51052715.4.0000.5011, contemplado pela bolsa de pesquisa da instituição/programa Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Alagoas – FAPEAL. Os autores informam a inexistência de conflito de interesse na realização desta pesquisa.

 

Mariana Barros Silva

Marcus Vinícius de Acevedo Garcia Gomes

Maria Luisa Duarte

 

Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas, Maceió-AL, Brasil.

 maribarrosmed@gmail.com

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

Asphyxiation has been increasing as an important modality of violent death worldwide, being locally subject to modifications of its profile according to sociocultural and geographical aspects. This study presents a transverse, observational, predominantly descriptive analysis. It was performed at the Estácio de Lima Medical Institute – Maceió / AL, using cadaveric records from January 2011 to December 2015 in order to trace the epidemiological profile of deaths by asphyxia, with the following variables being observed: gender, age, color / race, historical information, cause of death, cadaveric transformation status, and use of primary or secondary identification method. During the study, a prevalence of 80.5% of male deaths was observed, with the majority of victims being young or adult, accounting for 28.5% and 42.1% of the cases, respectively. As for the type of asphyxia, the most frequent were drowning (48%), hanging (29%) and suffocation (14%) among all ages; For the month, January was considered the one with the highest number of deaths; And, according to the occupation, a total of 41.2% of employed individuals were followed, followed by 26% of uninformed and 13.9% of students. From this study useful data may be obtained for the elaboration of public policies more appropriate to the situation lived by the local population and tourists.

Keywords: Hypoxia, asphyxia, physical-chemical energy, cause of death.

Please click here for the full article in portuguese.



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Mariana Barros Silva

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Marcus Vinícius de Acevedo Garcia Gomes

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Maria Luisa Duarte

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