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PROFILE OF VIOLENCE WITH MORTALITY RELATED TO TRANSIT ACCIDENTS IN ALAGOAS - Perspectivas em Medicina Legal e Perícias Médicas
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PROFILE OF VIOLENCE WITH MORTALITY RELATED TO TRANSIT ACCIDENTS IN ALAGOAS

Alzeane de Araújo Lucena1

Jessyca Montenegro Matthews de Lyra 2

Maria Luisa Duarte 3

1. Graduating from the Medical Course of the State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas (UNCISAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil. Participant of the CNPq Research Group – Integrated Nucleus of Human and Social Sciences Research in Health. Adress: Álvaro Otacílio Avenue, nº 378, Building: Patmos, apt. 507, jatiúca – Maceió/AL. Phone: (82) 99844-7442 Email:anelucena1@gmail.com.
2. Graduating from the Medical Course of the State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas (UNCISAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil. Participant of the CNPq Research Group – Integrated Nucleus of Human and Social Sciences in Health. Address: Elza Soriano Street, nº 126, Building: Bruno Perrelli, apt. 601, Poço – Maceió / AL. Phone: (82) 99331-2268. Email: jessycamontenegroo@gmail.com.3. PhD in Pathology from the Fluminense Federal University – Niterói / Rio de Janeiro (UFF / RJ), Specialist in Legal Medicine by the Brazilian Society of Legal Medicine / AMB. Professor (Adjunct Professor) of the Bachelor’s Degree in Medicine of the State University of Health Sciences in Alagoas (UNCISAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil. (Research Advisor). Leader of the Research Group of CNPq – Integrated Nucleus of Research in Human and Social Sciences in Health. Address: Lot. Jd. Petrópolis II-E, nº 55, QC3, Santa Amélia – Maceió / AL, Zip code: 57063-226. Phone: (82) 99972-5571. Email: maraluduarte@uol.com.br.  Land transportation accidents are a public health problem because they decimate economically active individuals, disorganize families and bring high costs. According to the Map of Violence in Brazil³, between 1980 and 2011, 980,838 deaths were recorded as a result of traffic accidents on public roads. The data are alarming and demonstrate the need to identify vulnerable groups, as well as risk factors for the development of evidence-based public policies². These facts, to be modified, must gain the reach of the media and public opinion through surveys¹. Our objective was to determine the epidemiological profile of the fatal victims of traffic accidents in Alagoas from January 2011 to December 2015. The study was observational, retrospective, descriptive and analytical, and the information was collected in the cadaver entry records from the Legal Medical Institute Estácio de Lima of Maceió, during the period described. Gender, age, marital status, education, race, type of vehicle, place of accident and death, type of accident, day of week, time of day, municipality of accident and cause of death were analyzed. The idea of developing this research arose from the precariousness of sources on this subject in the State of Alagoas, and the convenience that this data may in the future be used in government policies that bring improvements to the population. Of the 1917 cadaveric files analyzed, 83% are of the masculine gender, in the age group of 20 to 29 years. Of the universe surveyed, victims who did not have a declared upper course (85%) predominated. The most frequent deaths were of single (58%) and brown (74%) individuals. Prevalence of fatal accidents appear on municipal roads (46%), highlighting occurrences from Friday to Sunday (54%), between 06:01 PM and 00:00 AM (39%). Motorcycles (47%) and automobiles (26%) were the prevalent means of transport, and collision (42%) is the most frequent type of accident. On the public roads, there were more deaths (54%), with the 1st Region of Health of Alagoas at the top of the claims (55%). The main cause of death was polytrauma (30%). Results show that the proportion of accidents with fatal victims in Alagoas are similar to those verified in other studies of the kind carried out in Brazil.
Bibliography:

  1. ALMEIDA N. D. Os acidentes e mortes no trânsito causados pelo consumo de álcool: um problema de saúde pública. R. Dir. sanit. 2014 jul./out; 15(2): 108-125.
  2. PAIXÃO L. M. M. M.; GONTIJO E. D.; DRUMOND E. F.; FRICHE A. A. L.; CAIAFFA W.T. Acidentes de trânsito em Belo Horizonte: o que revelam três diferentes fontes de informações, 2008 a 2010. Rev. bras. epidemiol. 2015 mar; 18(1): 108-122.
  3. WAISELFISZ J. J. Mapa da violência 2013: acidentes de trânsito e motocicletas. Rio de Janeiro: CEBELA-FLACSO; 2013.

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