VIOLENT DEATHS OF WOMEN IN 2015: FORENSIC AUTOPSIES HELD IN FORTALEZA/CE, PORTO ALGRE/RS AND CIUDAD DEL PANAMA/PANAMA
Angelita Maria Ferreira Machado Rios (1)
Elaine Brassan (2)
Lisieux Elaine Borba Telles (3)
Marcio Magalhães Arruda Lira (4)
Vanessa Machado Rios (5)
(1) Perita Médica-Legista do Departamento Médico-Legal, Porto Alegre – RS
(2) Psiquiatra Forense, Ciudad del Panamá, Panamá
(3) Psiquiatra Forense, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS
(4) Perito Médico-Legista do Instituto Médico-Legal, Fortaleza-CE
(5) Acadêmica do Curso de Medicina, Pontifícia Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS
INTRODUCTION: Violence against women is highly prevalent in Brazil. The epidemiological profile of homicide victims is young, african american women, attacked by direct relatives and with predominance of bodily force in the occurrence of fatal injuries. Considering the violence chronicity and the evolution of effects and/or symptoms in the victim, suicide also appears as an outcome in many domestic and sexual violence cases against women. This study will present the survey of violent deaths (homicides and suicides) in women, occurred in 2015, that were necropsied in Fortaleza/CE, Porto Alegre/RS and Ciudad del Panama/Panama. METHODS:
Retrospective collection data study on cases of violent death in women (homicides and suicides). CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: In 2013, 4,8 homicides for every 100 thousand women occurred in Brazil (4,8/100.000 or 4762 deaths). The country currently ranks fifth in the world ranking, preceded by El Salvador, Colombia, Guatemala and Russia. The identification of risk factors that can identify and prevent the “death” outcome may contribute to the inclusion of these women in existing public health and safety social policies. RESULTS: Preliminar data analisis showed that, in 2015, about 200 corpses of homicide victims in Fortaleza/CE, 96 in Porto Alegre/RS and 07 in Ciudad del Panama were necropsied, with a prevalence of young women. Suicide numbers in women in this same period corresponded to 50-60% the number of homicides, except for the data from Ciudad del Panama, where numbers of homicides and suicides were similar. CONCLUSION: Based on the initial data collected, we identified that both Brazilian capitals had similarity between numbers found, considering the population evaluated.
Keywords: violence against women, violent deaths, homicides, suicides, women, legal medicine
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